Future Of Biodiversity Investments

Future Of Biodiversity Investments

Do you want to know what is the future of biodiversity investments? Yes, future of biodiversity investments hangs in the balance.

As an avid hiker, I have witnessed firsthand the deterioration of natural habitats in local parks over the past decade. It pains me deeply to see the loss of vibrant ecosystems that I cherished since childhood. Investing financial resources strategically to conserve, restore and sustainably manage nature is thus an urgent priority.

In this article, I explain compelling reasons and opportunities for channelling capital towards biodiversity alongside climate action.


Our natural world is a marvel – the diversity of life thriving in intricately balanced ecosystems, allowing human civilization to advance and prosper. However, rampant economic development over decades has disrupted this balance, putting immense strains on the biodiversity that nourishes us.

Scientists estimate that 1 million animal and plant species now face extinction, many within decades (Source). Without urgent collective action, we risk permanently losing the very foundations that sustain humanity.

Finance must be part of the solution, channeling capital to help restore nature through biodiversity investments. This emerging asset class presents compelling opportunities across many sectors to generate competitive risk-adjusted returns while fostering conservation outcomes.

As Christine Lagarde, President of the European Central Bank recently stated, mainstreaming natural capital approaches into financial decision-making is vital for our shared future.

Why Biodiversity Matters

Biodiversity encompasses the extraordinary variety of life at genetic, species and ecosystem levels. While inherently valuable in itself, it also underpins the global economy by providing us vital goods and services worth over $125 trillion per year (Source). This includes:

  • Provisioning – Food, medicine, timber, fibers
  • Regulating – Climate, air quality, ocean health, water flows
  • Supporting – Nutrient cycles, soil formation, plant pollination
  • Cultural – Educational, recreational, aesthetic value
Biodiversity Supporting Human Well-being

Table 1: Examples of Biodiversity’s Importance for Society

However, according to the IPBES Global Assessment Report, 75% of the world’s land surface is significantly altered and 66% of ocean environments are experiencing mounting cumulative impacts. Species extinction rates are tens to hundreds of times higher than the average over the past 10 million years.

Such rapid decline in nature threatens our economies, food security, health outcomes and quality of life. Furthermore, degradation of natural ecosystems and biodiversity loss is inextricably linked to climate change – and vice versa. Failing to conserve biodiversity undermines our ability to mitigate emissions and build resilience.

There are ethical imperatives as well – we share the planet with millions of other species and owe them stewardship. As governments, corporations and citizens seriously embrace commitments to combat climate change, similar ambition must be channeled towards nature-positive strategies.

The business case aligns interests – companies reliant on ecosystem services for sourcing raw materials and inputs have vested interests in maintaining biodiversity. Financial institutions must evaluate risks in their lending and investment portfolios.

Additionally, technologies like AI and genomics driving the Fourth Industrial Revolution often seek bio-inspiration – losing biodiversity means losing innovation potential.

Biodiversity Finance Gaining Momentum

Biodiversity Finance Flows 2006-2020

Table 2: Biodiversity Finance Flows Globally from 2006-2020 (Source)

Investment explicitly targeting conservation of nature still falls desperately short of need, with latest estimates by University of Cambridge suggesting $133 billion required annually to meet global biodiversity goals (see table 2 above).

However, momentum is accelerating across public policy initiatives, multi-lateral platforms and standard setting bodies to make biodiversity investible at scale.

Major conservation NGOs like World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and The Nature Conservancy (TNC) have pioneered direct investment models including debt-for-nature swaps, habitat banks and government trust funds.

Development agencies like the World Bank and its private financing arm International Finance Corporation (IFC) have programs targeting wildlife trafficking, sustainable commodities, and blue economies.

Impact investors manage specialized private equity and venture capital strategies focused on sustainable forestry, regenerative agriculture or bioprospecting.

Boutique firms like Mirova offer listed equity funds oriented towards companies mitigating impacts on ecosystems. Index providers have developed benchmarks for biodiversity-aligned portfolios, including S&P Global.

Multilateral platforms aim to mainstream natural capital approaches more widely across financial markets:

  • The Taskforce for Nature-related Financial Disclosures (TNFD) and Partnership for Biodiversity Accounting Financials (PBAF) offer guidance on disclosure, measurement and target setting.
  • The Science Based Targets Network (SBT) helps companies set ambitious biodiversity strategies aligned with planetary boundaries.
  • The UNEP Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) engages over 450 banks, insurers and investors to shift trillions towards sustainable development priorities including nature recovery.

However, critical challenges remain around attracting institutional investors at scale by demonstrating robust risk-adjusted returns.

Clear and consistent biodiversity metrics, credible verification mechanisms, supportive policy frameworks and collaborative action across sectors is vital to realize this potential.

Key Investment Opportunities

Several broad areas hold particular promise from biodiversity investment perspective while managing environmental and social risks:

Natural Climate Solutions

Protecting standing ecosystems like forests, grasslands and peatlands presents a double value proposition – sheltering biodiversity while sequestering significant carbon stocks above and below ground.

Investments through REDD+ programs, jurisdictional REDD bonds and blue carbon resilience funds offer ways for finance to combat climate change and enhance resilience by working with nature.

Regenerative Agriculture

Adopting practices like cover crops, crop rotation, composting and no-till techniques helps restore soil health, foster biodiversity both below and above ground while reducing fertilizer usage.

This promotes climate-smart farming essential for food security and rural economic development. Investors can deploy venture capital towards agritech startups pioneering precision technology solutions or farmland funds incentivizing adoption of regenerative practices.

Sustainable Infrastructure

Linear infrastructure like roads and energy transmission corridors exert immense pressures on habitats and wildlife mobility. Sustainable design approaches integrating biodiversity knowledge for layout, ecological connectivity and managing access can limit fragmentation.

Investors financing major infrastructure projects globally must include biodiversity criteria within ESG safeguards and weigh trade-offs thoughtfully by taking a landscape view.

Corporate Biodiversity Leadership

Leading multinationals like Unilever, Nestle, ADM and Samsung have announced internal biodiversity targets, seeking partnerships with conservation NGOs and communities for sustainable sourcing, product innovation and operational impacts.

This extends towards financial services as well with banks like BNP Paribas, HSBC, Rabobank and insurance giant Swiss Re developing dedicated strategies. Shareholders and bond investors should encourage such ambition through constructive corporate engagement aligned with science-based trajectories.

Innovative Finance Vehicles

Structured financial products like sustainability-linked bonds, debt-for-nature swaps, habitat conservation banks, and insurance risk pools present unique vehicles to channel large-scale institutional capital.

Governments play a key enabling role through targeted subsidies, tax incentives and grant programs. Though relatively nascent, such mechanisms allow biodiversity considerations to be priced-in while delivering returns.

Overcoming Barriers to Mainstream Investing

Future Of Biodiversity Investments
Future Of Biodiversity Investments

Despite compelling cases, biodiversity investing continues to occupy niche status compared to climate finance. Challenges around consistent measurement, risk perceptions and policy support must be addressed for flows to ramp up exponentially.

Robust Metrics and Disclosure

While climate change considerations have become embedded in financial accounting and reporting through standards like TCFD, biodiversity measurement tools remain nascent.

Though frameworks are emerging like ENCORE, Corporate Bonds Initiative’s biodiversity impact metric and exploring natural capital accounting approaches, universal adoption is limited.

Financial regulators increasingly recognize these gaps – the Network of Central Banks and Supervisors for Greening the Financial System (NGFS) has a workstream focused on developing guidance.

Risk Management for Competitive Returns

Generalist investors harbor misplaced perceptions that integrating biodiversity equates to accepting elevated risk and reduced returns. However specialized managers have demonstrated ability to deliver alpha through security selection, constructive corporate engagement and policy advocacy.

As Dow Chemical’s recent supply chain disruptions following Hurricane Ian show, environmental externalities pose latent financial risks for corporations that must be assessed more systematically.

Recent research suggests that taking a natural capital approach may offer portfolio diversification benefits as well.

Supportive Policy Landscapes

Governments play pivotal roles through regulations, subsidies and incentives to enable scaling conservation finance and promoting nature-positive outcomes from public infrastructure spending.

However competing socio-economic priorities often sideline environmental concerns in policy making and budgeting, exacerbated by political cycles.

Multilateral platforms like the G20, G7 and CBD are expanding commitments towards nature-based solutions, though implementation remains uneven. Long term policy certainty and public-private collaborations are essential to de-risk the biodiversity investment thesis.

Realizing Mainstream Adoption

Despite headwinds, I foresee a future within this decade where biodiversity considerations become as mainstream to investors and corporations as climate change is today. Technological innovations driving the Fourth Industrial Revolution will provide tools to value biodiversity more systematically while setting science-aligned targets.

Better Monitoring and Forecasting

Rapid advances in earth observation platforms, remote sensing, artificial intelligence, genomics and blockchain enable granular monitoring of ecosystem health and species populations. These generate enormous datasets to model trends and predict thresholds to appropriately value trade-offs and externalities. Regulators can develop adaptive policy frameworks based on plantery boundaries concept.

Rewiring Financial Systems

Central banks and financial regulators already articulate the financial stability risks posed by biodiversity loss – the NGFS estimates nature collapse shrinking global GDP 10% by 2050 (Source). Taxonomies, disclosure standards and taxonomies will ultimately channel trillions towards nature-positive outcomes. Meanwhile indices allow investors to align decisions, while deal structures like sustainability-linked bonds issue penalties for underperformance against agreed targets.

Collective Action is Key

Financial sector initiatives like TNFD and PBAF collaborate across banks, investors, corporations, accountants, consultants and data providers to co-create solutions.

Partnerships with conservation experts provide complementary capabilities to direct funding through vehicles like debt-for-nature swaps towards priority ecosystems.

Such pre-competitive alliances create enormous potential for transformational systems change by learning from each other.

The good news is we already have all the building blocks needed to access scale. Ambitious leadership from forward-thinking countries, companies and communities continues rising to meet growing public demands for environmental accountability.

Ultimately realizing our shared future requires broader mindset shifts across society and policymakers to fundamentally value nature – and biodiversity investments can catalyze part of that movement.


Future Of Biodiversity Investments
Future Of Biodiversity Investments

What Is The Future Of Biodiversity?

The future of biodiversity hangs precariously as species extinction rates accelerate – up to 1 million animal and plant species now face collapse within decades.

However, governments, corporations and investors increasingly recognize risks this poses for economies and societies. Momentum is rapidly building behind efforts to value, conserve, restore and sustainably use nature.

Finance has a pivotal role channeling trillions required to transform economic systems integrating biodiversity considerations into decisions. Exciting innovation offers reasons for tempered optimism if ambitious commitments translate urgently into action.

Why Invest In Biodiversity?

Biodiversity forms intricate ecosystems nourishing human civilization for eons – but often taken for granted. As natural systems falter under immense strains, so does human wellbeing and business resilience relying on provisioning services like food, fiber and medicine worth over $125 trillion annually.

Furthermore, biodiversity plays vital role mitigating climate change through natural carbon capture. Investment explicitly targeting conservation is ethically aligned and economically prudent for risk management.

Compelling opportunities for competitive returns are also emerging across real assets like forests, regenerative agriculture and oceans, as well as equities leveraging technology and sustainability-linked bonds.

How Does The Future Of Biodiversity Affect Our Future As Humans?

Biodiversity decline severely threatens food, water and health security for billions of people, with disproportionate impacts on vulnerable communities. Businesses across multiple sectors face supply chain disruptions, stranded assets and shrinking consumer bases from nature deterioration.

Furthermore, losing intricate interactions between species and habitats posed existential risks – from undiscovered medicines to ecosystem tipping points irreversibly disrupting regional weather patterns.

Our futures are intertwined with that of ecosystems sustaining civilization for millennia. Economic paradigms viewing nature as expendable externality must urgently shift towards balance and regeneration.

What Is The 2030 Biodiversity Goal?

Under the Convention for Biological Diversity, 196 countries adopted a 2030 mission to move towards living in harmony with nature with milestones like no net species loss.

This entails conserving 30% of lands and oceans through protected areas and restoration, halving introductions of invasive species, reducing nutrients and biocides by 50% and eliminating plastic discharge.

The 2020 Kunming Declaration raised ambitions with a USD$200 billion pledge, though significant upscaling needed. Rapid decarbonization, transformational policy shifts around subsidies that damage nature, and innovative finance partnerships hold the key.

Why Is Biodiversity Important For The Future?

Biodiversity fosters resilience allowing natural and social systems to mitigate shocks and stresses underpinning civilizational progress. Diverse genetic pools provide raw material for innovation across sectors including agriculture, biotechnology, medicine discovery and biomimicry.

Biodiverse landscapes support pollinator health, soil fertility, flood control and water purification – vital ecosystem services. Furthermore, interactions between species help regulate pests, diseases and invasive organisms. Conserving wildlife also carries intrinsic cultural, inspirational and recreational values that endure for generations.

What Are The Goals For Biodiversity In 2050?

CBD’s 2050 Vision seeks “living in harmony with nature” where biodiversity considered integral to development. This means differentiated, biodiversity-inclusive pathways for production and consumption that value diversity of life.

Specific goals include comprehensive accounting of nature’s contributions into policies and incentives, equitable sharing of genetic resources and diffusion of technologies that minimize impact on ecosystems.

Achieving such a transformation requires systemic shifts across food, infrastructure, extractives, manufacturing and financial sectors worldwide.

What Is Biodiversity Investment?

Biodiversity investment explicitly integrates conservation outcomes for species, ecosystems and natural processes into deal screening and structuring across asset classes.

This spans traditional conservation finance from NGOs and development agencies along with impact investors targeting sustainable food, fiber, ecotourism, bioprospecting and nature-based solutions to climate change.

Generalist institutional investors also increasingly apply biodiversity lens within ESG integration using metrics like ENCORE, exploring innovative mechanisms like sustainability-linked bonds and directing capital towards corporate leaders.

Do Investors Care About Biodiversity?

Traditionally investors viewed biodiversity as marginal concern compared to climate change but perspectives shifting given scientific warnings and extreme weather events exposing supply chain vulnerabilities.

Over 85 investors managing USD$10 trillion in assets support UN Principles for Responsible Investment’s new biodiversity program as risks posed by nature loss gets mainstreamed alongside carbon footprint.

However, scaling appropriate financing vehicles, establishing common metrics and policy support remains vital for further adoption.

What Is A Biodiversity Fund?

Specialized investment funds oriented towards conservation of nature and minimizing biodiversity impact have grown enormously, now numbering over 200 by latest estimates.

They span traditional venture philanthropy grants to NGOs along with return-seeking debt, equity and real assets strategies – from sustainable forestry to blue bonds funding marine protection and regenerative agriculture farmland funds.

Over $8 billion allocated on record in 2020 as asset owners respond to scientific warnings and client demand. Market expected to grow exponentially as measurement and policy frameworks develop.

Why Is It Important To Invest In The Environment?

The environment provides critical inputs, absorbs waste outputs and offers non-monetary cultural ecosystem services vital for human prosperity and survival.

Deteriorating planetary health manifesting through climate change, water scarcity and ecosystem disruption poses a systemic risk to economies and financial markets.

Investing to conserve, sustainably manage and restore nature delivers risk-adjusted returns while enabling the real, inclusive growth needed for shared future across generations.

Why We Should Invest In The Environment?

Investing to protect the environment mitigates portfolio risks, fosters resilience and helps scale solutions essential for civilization. Natural capital approaches recognize biodiversity’s profound value for transparent accounting and pricing sustainability.

Compound risks posed by interconnected climate and nature crises require unprecedented collaboration for whole-of-economy transition.

Transformational policy shifts, technological advances and sustainable finance all crucial levers that investment can help activate through strategic capital allocation.

Why Invest In Environment?

The ethical and economic case for investing to conserve the environment is compelling at this pivotal juncture with nature in freefall.

Biodiversity supports provisioning ecosystem services alone worth over $125 trillion per year – providing food, fiber, pollination, pest control, clean air, medicine discovery that we take for granted.

Furthermore, biodiversity plays an indispensable role mitigating climate change through natural carbon capture. The shrewd investor realizes risks posed by failing to account for nature’s contributions and invests strategically in aligning financial flows for mutual benefit.


The ethical and economic imperatives to foster biodiversity are clear as species vanish rapidly. Strategic investment in nature-based solutions offers significant potential for competitive risk-adjusted returns while restoring vital ecosystems underpinning human prosperity.

As conscious citizens and financial decision-makers, we must galvanize unprecedented collaboration across sectors before extinction threats become irreversible.

What biodiversity investment opportunities excite you the most? I welcome perspectives on accelerating progress towards living in harmony with nature.